Boots WebMD Partners in Health
Return To Boots

Protein in urine (proteinuria)

Protein in the urine, also called proteinuria, is often a sign of kidney problems, or an overproduction of proteins by the body.

Healthy kidneys only pass a small amount of protein through their filters.

There may be no symptoms of protein in the urine until it is picked up during medical tests. However, in some cases a person's urine may seem frothy.

Risk factors for proteinuria

The two most common risk factors for proteinuria are:

Both diabetes and high blood pressure can cause damage to the kidneys, which leads to proteinuria.

Other types of kidney disease unrelated to diabetes or high blood pressure can also cause protein to leak into the urine. Examples of other causes of proteinuria include:

  • Medicines
  • Trauma
  • Toxins
  • Infections
  • Immune system disorders

Increased production of proteins in the body can lead to proteinuria. Examples include multiple myeloma and amyloidosis.

Other risk factors for kidney disease and proteinuria include:

  • Age - over 65
  • Smoking
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Race and ethnicity: African-Caribbean and Asian people are more likely than caucasians to develop kidney disease and proteinuria.

Some people get more protein in their urine while standing than while lying down. That is known as orthostatic proteinuria.

Treatment of proteinuria

Proteinuria is not a specific disease. So its treatment depends on identifying and managing its underlying cause. If that cause is kidney disease, appropriate medical management is essential.

Untreated chronic kidney disease can lead to kidney failure.

In mild or temporary proteinuria, no treatment may be necessary.

Medicine is sometimes prescribed, especially in people with diabetes and/or high blood pressure and may include two classes of medication:

  • ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)
  • ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers)

Proper treatment, especially in patients with chronic disease such as diabetes and high blood pressure, is essential to prevent the progressive kidney damage that is causing the proteinuria.

WebMD Medical Reference

Medically Reviewed by Dr Rob Hicks on March 28, 2014

Stay informed

Sign up for BootsWebMD's free newsletters.
Sign Up Now!

Popular slideshows & tools on BootsWebMD

woman washing face
Prevent & treat flare-ups
donut on plate
The truth about sugar addiction
female patient consulting with female GP
Take action for a healthy baby
couple watching sunset
How much do you know?
cold sore
Prevent and treat cold sores
smiling african american woman
Best kept secrets of healthy hair
assorted spices
Pump up the flavour with spices
10 tips to lose weight after baby
crossword puzzle
Tips for the first hard days
sperm and egg
Facts to help you get pregnant
african american woman wiping sweat from forehead
Relief from excessive sweating
polka dot dress on hangar
Lose weight without dieting