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Malnutrition - Preventing malnutrition

NHS Choices Medical Reference

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The best way to ensure you get the correct amount of nutrients is to eat a healthy, balanced diet.

A healthy and balanced diet contains foods from all the major food groups.

The four main food groups are:

  • fruit and vegetables - at least 5 A DAY
  • bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, cereals and other starchy foods
  • milk and dairy foods - such as cheese and yoghurt
  • meat, fish, eggs, beans, nuts, and other non-dairy sources of protein

Foods and drinks high in fat or sugar are not essential for most people and should only be consumed in small amounts.

See the eatwell plate for more information on what constitutes a balanced diet. You can also read more about food and diet, healthy eating and healthy recipes.

If your malnutrition (or risk of malnutrition) is caused by an underlying health condition you, may have more complex dietary needs or you may require additional items in your diet such as nutritional supplements. Your GP or the doctor in charge of your care will be able to advise you and refer you to a registered dietitian.

Medical Review: February 04, 2013
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