Mononucleosis - Symptoms of glandular fever
NHS Choices Medical Reference
The symptoms of glandular fever usually begin between four and seven weeks after a person contracts the initial infection, although symptoms may appear earlier in younger children.
Symptoms of glandular fever include:
- fever with a temperature of, or above, 37.5°C (99.5°F),
- swollen lymph nodes, particularly the glands in the neck or the armpit,
- swollen tonsils,
- loss of appetite,
- swollen spleen, and
- skin rash.
The symptoms of a sore throat and fever should improve over the course of two weeks. Symptoms of fatigue and swollen lymph nodes may persist for longer, and can occasionally last for several months.
In some cases of glandular fever the infection can affect the liver. This can cause jaundice, leading to yellowing of the skin and the eyes. Symptoms of jaundice are more common in people who are over 30 years of age.
Many people with glandular fever will also experience mild inflammation of the liver (hepatitis). Mild liver inflammation can cause symptoms such as:
- loss of appetite, and
- intolerance to alcohol.
The symptoms of jaundice and hepatitis should pass once you recover from glandular fever.
Jaundice: Jaundice is a condition that causes yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes, brought on by liver problems.
Aches: An ache is a constant dull pain in a part of the body.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics are medicines that can be used to treat infections caused by micro-organisms, usually bacteria or fungi. Amoxicillin, streptomycin and erythromycin are types of antibiotic.
Fever: A high temperature, also known as a fever, is when someone's body temperature goes above the normal 37°C (98.6°F).
Lymph nodes: Lymph nodes are small oval tissues that remove unwanted bacteria and particles from the body. They are part of the immune system.
Liver: The liver is the largest organ in the body. Its main jobs are to secrete bile (to help digestion), detoxify the blood and change food into energy.
Loss of appetite: Loss of appetite is when you don't feel hungry or want to eat.
Rupture: A rupture is a break or tear in an organ or tissue.
Swelling: Inflammation is the body's response to infection, irritation or injury. It causes redness, swelling, pain and sometimes a feeling of heat in the affected area.
Depressed: Depression is when you have feelings of extreme sadness, despair or inadequacy that last for a long time.
Immune system: The immune system is the body's defence system. It helps protect the body from disease, bacteria and viruses.