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Complications of muscular dystrophy

NHS Choices Medical Reference

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Complications of Duchenne muscular dystrophy can include:

  • permanent, progressive disability with decreased mobility,
  • joint contractures (loss of range of motion in the joints),
  • lordosis, scoliosis, and other skeletal deformities,
  • osteoporosis (brittle bones),
  • obesity,
  • respiratory failure and pneumonia, or other respiratory infections,
  • cardiomyopathy, heart failure, or arrhythmias (irregular heart beats), and
  • learning difficulties (in about a third of cases).


  • Joints: Joints are the connection point between two bones that allow movement.
  • Heart: The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood around the body.
Medical Review: July 28, 2009

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