Cervical cancer is mostly caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. An HPV vaccine may reduce the risk of cervical cancer. Symptoms include painful sex, vaginal bleeding, and discharge.
A visual guide to cervical cancer
See the key tests
A simple urine test for human papillomavirus (HPV) could offer a non-invasive alternative to the conventional cervical 'smear' test, say experts.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix - the entrance to the womb from the vagina.
Around 3,000 cervical cancer cases are diagnosed in the UK every year. Cervical cancer is usually caused by the HPV virus. Most cases of cervical cancer are picked up during routine NHS cervical screening through smear tests.
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