Your baby's first year will seem a flurry of changes - and not just nappies. From the first smiles, gurgles and coos to learning to say "mama" or "dada", babies love to communicate with their own form of baby talk. Moreover, they hope you'll 'baby talk' back.
During this first year you can do a lot to encourage your baby's communication skills. It's easy. All you need to do is smile, talk, sing and read to your baby.
Why focus on communicating with your baby? Because early speech and language skills are associated with success in developing reading, writing and interpersonal skills, both later in childhood and later in life.
Baby talk: Smile and pay attention
Long before they can speak clearly, babies understand the general meaning of what you're saying. They also absorb your emotional tone. Encourage your baby's early attempts to communicate with you with loving attention.
- Smile often at your baby, especially when your baby is cooing, gurgling or otherwise vocalising with baby talk.
- Look at your baby as the little one babbles and laughs, rather than looking away, interrupting or talking with someone else.
- Be patient as you try to decode your infant's baby talk and nonverbal communication such as facial expressions, gurgling or babbling sounds that can signal either frustration or joy.
- Make time to give your baby lots of loving attention so your baby can 'speak' to you with baby talk, even when you're busy with other tasks.
Baby talk: Imitate your baby
From the start, baby talk should be a two-way process. By imitating your baby you'll send an important message: what your baby is feeling and trying to communicate matters to you.
- Have back-and-forth conversations in baby talk to teach your baby the give-and-take of adult conversation.
- Imitate your baby's vocalisations - "ba-ba" or "goo-goo" - then wait for your baby to make another sound, and say it back.
- Do your best to respond, even when you don't understand what your baby is trying to say.
- Reinforce communication by smiling and mirroring your baby's facial expressions.
- Because gestures are a way babies try to communicate, imitate your baby's gestures as well.
Baby talk: Talk often to your baby
Babies love to hear you talk - especially to them, and especially in a warm, happy voice. Babies learn to speak by imitating the sounds they hear around them. So the more you talk to your baby, the faster your baby will acquire speech and language skills.
- Adults naturally use a special tone of voice when talking baby talk - a high-pitched voice with exaggerated expression. This natural baby talk mimics the female voice, which babies the world over associate with feeding and comfort. Rest assured that talking "baby talk" won't prevent or delay your infant from learning adult speech later.
- Engage your baby's listening skills by talking often to your baby throughout your day, describing your activities together. Talk as you're feeding, dressing, carrying and bathing your baby, so the infant begins to associate these sounds of language with everyday objects and activities.
- Repeat simple words such as 'mama' and 'bottle' often and clearly so your baby begins to hear familiar words and associate them with their meaning.