What to expect after child vaccinations
Side effects to watch out for
Babies and young children have a number of vaccinations before they reach school age. Sometimes these cause side effects.
The most common side effects are in the area where the injection was given, such as swelling, redness or a small hard lump.
These symptoms usually pass within a couple of days so you usually don’t need to do anything about them.
Your child may feel sick or have diarrhoea, but this is very rare.
Sometimes your child may develop a fever.
Treating a fever
In children under five years of age a fever is a temperature over 37.5°C. Although fevers can be quite common in young children, they are usually mild.
Signs of a fever in a child include their face looking red or flushed, and feeling hot to the touch. Check to make sure with a child-friendly thermometer.
Keep your child cool.
After the MMR vaccination
MMR is made up of 3 different vaccines - measles, mumps and rubella. Each of these vaccines can cause different reactions some time after the child has the injection.
After 6 to 10 days, the measles vaccine may cause a fever, a measles-like rash, and loss of appetite.
Three to 4 weeks after the injection, the mumps vaccine may cause mumps-like symptoms in some children, including fever or swollen glands.
The rubella vaccine may cause a brief rash and possibly a slightly raised temperature, most commonly around 12 to 14 days after the injection. A rash may also occur up to 6 weeks later but this is very rare.
Trust your instincts
You know your child best so trust your instincts. If you are worried seek medical advice.
If your child has a very high temperature of 39°C or above, or has a fit, seek medical advice immediately.
Checking on vaccine safety
Before vaccines are introduced, they have to be licensed by the Medical and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) which assesses their safety and whether they work.
Once they have been introduced into the programme, their safety continues to be constantly monitored so that any new side effects are promptly noted and investigated.