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Nosebleeds in children - What are frequent nosebleeds in children?

BMJ Group Medical Reference

Introduction

Most children get nosebleeds from time to time. But if your child gets frequent nosebleeds, you may be worried that there's something wrong. Most likely, there isn't. Children usually grow out of nosebleeds by the time they're teenagers.

We've brought together the best research about frequent nosebleeds in children and weighed up the evidence about how to treat them. You can use our information to talk to your doctor and decide which treatments are best for your child.

Frequent nosebleeds are very common in children. Most of the time, the cause of these nosebleeds is never known.

nosebleed-child_default.jpgChildren often have a nosebleed because they injure themselves. They may get one, for example, if they fall over and hit their face during sport or rough play, or while riding a bike.

If your child's nose bleeds after a blow or injury, see a doctor straight away. The doctor will check whether the nose is broken and see if any other injuries need to be treated.[1][2]

The advice here applies to repeated nosebleeds that happen for no clear reason.

Nosebleeds usually come from broken blood vessels inside the nose, near the nostrils. Repeated nosebleeds in children can be caused or made worse by:

Very rarely, nosebleeds are caused by a problem with the structure of a child's nose, or by a benign growth (a growth that isn't cancer).[3]

Frequent nosebleeds can be a sign of serious disease, but this is very rare. Diseases that affect the blood's ability to clot and some cancers can cause repeated nosebleeds in children, but this is extremely unusual.[3] If your doctor suspects a serious cause for the nosebleeds, he or she may order blood tests or refer your child to a specialist.

Glossary

hay fever

You get hay fever when your immune system reacts too strongly to pollen or mould. Your doctor may call it seasonal allergic rhinitis. The most common symptoms are sneezing, a runny or blocked nose, and red, itchy eyes. You may also cough or wheeze.

infection

You get an infection when bacteria, a fungus, or a virus get into a part of your body where it shouldn't be. For example, an infection in your nose and airways causes the common cold. An infection in your skin can cause rashes such as athlete's foot. The organisms that cause infections are so tiny that you can't see them without a microscope.

For more terms related to Nosebleeds in children

Citations

For references related to Nosebleeds in children click here.
Last Updated: June 21, 2012
This information does not replace medical advice.  If you are concerned you might have a medical problem please ask your Boots pharmacy team in your local Boots store, or see your doctor.
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