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What treatments work for macular degeneration?

BMJ Group Medical Reference

If you have macular degeneration (also called age-related macular degeneration, or AMD), there aren't any treatments that will help you see normally again. But there are treatments that can help stop your sight getting worse, or even improve it.

Key points about treating macular degeneration

  • Most treatments for late AMD are only for people with the wet form of the disease (where tiny blood vessels grow and leak in the back of the eye). Between 1 in 10 and 2 in 10 people with AMD have this kind of problem. (To learn more about the different kinds of AMD, see What is macular degeneration?)

  • Photodynamic treatment to destroy the new blood vessels in your eye may slow down your sight loss.

  • There are some promising new treatments for wet AMD, such as pegaptanib, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.

  • High doses of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and zinc may help to slow down loss of sight in some people.

Which treatments work best? We've looked at the best research and given a rating for each treatment according to how well it works.

Treatments for macular degeneration

Treatments that workTreatments that are likely to workTreatments that work but whose harms may outweigh the benefitsTreatments that need further studyTreatments that are unlikely to work


For references related to Macular degeneration click here.
Last Updated: August 13, 2013
This information does not replace medical advice.  If you are concerned you might have a medical problem please ask your Boots pharmacy team in your local Boots store, or see your doctor.

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