If a woman is having trouble conceiving after a period of time having unprotected sex, medication to assist fertility may be recommended after infertility is diagnosed.
Fertility treatments may be in the form of tablets or injections and usually affect hormones that either trigger ovulation or regulate it.
Fertility medications include:
Clomifene encourages the release of eggs in women who do not ovulate regularly, or who do not ovulate.
Tamoxifen is more well known as a breast cancer treatment, but may be recommended as an alternative to clomifene for women with ovulation problems.
Better known as a diabetes medicine, metformin may help with fertility problems for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Gonadotrophins are medications to stimulate ovulation in women, but may also be used for male fertility problems. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone and dopamine agonists are other types of medication prescribed to encourage ovulation in women.