Boots WebMD Partners in Health
Return To Boots

Quiz: The ABCs of vitamins

  1 of  
Current Score:  
slide image

Taking vitamin C can ward off a cold.

slide image

Taking vitamin C can ward off a cold.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

When researchers reviewed more than a decade’s worth of findings, they concluded that so-called mega-doses of vitamin C don’t prevent colds for most people. Some studies suggest vitamin C may help you get over the symptoms a little faster. But there’s no clear evidence that vitamin C can lessen its intensity.

slide image

What vitamins or minerals may help reduce the risk of age-related vision loss?

slide image

What vitamins or minerals may help reduce the risk of age-related vision loss?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Studies suggest a variety of nutrients may help maintain good eye health and possibly slow down the progression of age-related macular degeneration. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 65. Eating a diet loaded with fruit and vegetables should give you all you need. But if you are at increased risk of age-related macular degeneration, your GP may recommend a supplement as well as lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking.

The word vitamin comes from:

The word vitamin comes from:

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Vitamins are compounds that are vital to our health. They were first thought to be amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Today, we know that 13 vitamins are essential to human health. You can usually get all you need by eating a well-balanced diet. But some people, especially those on restrictive diets, may benefit from vitamin supplements. How much do you need? The Department of Health suggests recommended daily allowances for most vitamins and minerals, as well as upper limits that are safe.

Taking vitamin B12 can give you more energy.

Taking vitamin B12 can give you more energy.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Getting enough B12 is definitely important. A lack of B12 can cause anaemia, with symptoms that may include tiredness and a lack of energy. For those with B12 deficiency taking vitamin B12 helps to overcome these symptoms. But there’s little evidence that taking B12 makes you a better athlete or gives you more energy if you’re not deficient. An adequate diet that includes meat, fish or dairy products should give you all the B12 you need. Fortified breakfast cereal and yeast extract are a good source of B12 too.

Which vitamins and minerals help maintain strong bones?

Which vitamins and minerals help maintain strong bones?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Most people know that calcium and vitamin D are essential for healthy bones. Research findings also show that many other nutrients are critical for bone health, including magnesium and vitamin K. It’s best to get these nutrients from food. But if you’re at increased risk of brittle bones and osteoporosis, your GP may recommend taking a calcium and vitamin D supplement.

What’s the difference between vitamins and minerals?

What’s the difference between vitamins and minerals?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

The body can make certain vitamins but not minerals. Vitamins are essential for growth, digestion and nerve function. Minerals support cell structure and help build bones and regulate body processes. Vitamins are known by letters of the alphabet: A, B, C, D, E and K. Examples of minerals include calcium, which builds bone and helps blood clotting, and iron, which helps your blood carry oxygen.

The colour of your urine can show whether you're getting enough vitamins.

The colour of your urine can show whether you're getting enough vitamins.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Some water soluble vitamins, including C and B vitamins, turn your urine a bright orange or even yellow-green if you take more than you need. That's your kidneys getting rid of the excess levels of these vitamins. But most vitamins and minerals do not show up in the urine.

Your doctors may recommend taking vitamin or mineral supplements if you:

Your doctors may recommend taking vitamin or mineral supplements if you:

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Pregnant and breastfeeding women are advised to take certain vitamin supplements such as vitamin D. Women are also advised to take a daily folic acid supplement when trying to become pregnant and for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Other people also may need vitamin or mineral supplements for a variety of reasons. Those on special diets, such as vegans, may not get all the vitamins they need from food. Others whose bodies may have trouble absorbing all the nutrients they need can include people:

  • With certain medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease
  • Who have had some types of weight loss surgery
  • Who take some medicines for seizures and heartburn

Talk to your GP or pharmacist if you think you may need a supplement.

Since vitamins and minerals are found in foods, they are safe even at high doses.

Since vitamins and minerals are found in foods, they are safe even at high doses.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Supplements can be a good way to ensure you’re getting all the nutrients you need; however, many vitamins and minerals can be toxic if you take too much. Excess vitamin A can cause nausea, vomiting and liver damage, for example. Too much vitamin D can cause weakness, heart rhythm problems and confusion. Because the body stores fat-soluble vitamins [A, D, E & K] and iron, consuming too much can cause levels to build up in organs and tissues, causing liver or kidney damage. Seek medical advice if you have concerns.

Which food is an excellent source of vitamin C?

Which food is an excellent source of vitamin C?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Although citrus fruits are the best known source of vitamin C, many fruits and vegetables also contain abundant levels of C. According to the NHS, most adults need 40mg a day. The NHS also says citrus fruit, tomatoes, broccoli, blackcurrants, potatoes and some pure fruit juices are good sources of vitamin C.

Which vitamin or mineral may be hard to get if you're on a vegetarian or vegan diet?

Which vitamin or mineral may be hard to get if you're on a vegetarian or vegan diet?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

This crucial B vitamin is found mostly in foods from animal sources, including meat, eggs, dairy foods, fortified breakfast cereal and yeast extract. If you don't eat these foods, you may not be getting enough B12. Talk to your GP or dietitian about whether you should take a supplement.

Antioxidant vitamin supplements have been proven to prevent cancer.

Antioxidant vitamin supplements have been proven to prevent cancer.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Researchers continue to study whether some antioxidants may prevent the kind of genetic damage that can turn cells cancerous. But Cancer Research UK cautions that hard evidence that antioxidants may lower your cancer risk is thin on the ground. If you’re being treated for cancer, talk to your doctor before taking any dietary supplements. Some research suggests that antioxidant supplements may interfere with some cancer medicines.

Who typically needs more iron?

Who typically needs more iron?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Women who are menstruating usually need more iron because they lose a little with each menstrual cycle. The Department of Health’s reference nutrient intake (RNI) for women is 14.8mg a day. By contrast, men usually need only 8.7 mg of iron a day.

Most experts agree that taking a multivitamin is a good way to make sure you get enough nutrients.

Most experts agree that taking a multivitamin is a good way to make sure you get enough nutrients.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Experts are deeply divided on multivitamins. Several recent studies have shown no benefits of taking multivitamins in a healthy person. Even people who have taken a daily multivitamin for years don't appear to be healthier or to live longer. But other experts believe that taking a multivitamin can help fill in for what's missing in many people’s diets. Experts do agree that the best source for vitamins and minerals is food, not pills.

Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and cobalamin belong to which vitamin group?

Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and cobalamin belong to which vitamin group?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

These are all different B vitamins. B vitamins do many things in your body, including helping change food into energy. Whole grains, beans, nuts, meat, eggs and fish are good sources of many different forms of B vitamins. Vitamin B12, on the other hand, is found almost exclusively in foods from animal sources.

Vitamin D is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because:

Vitamin D is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because:

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

People with dark skin may be more likely to have low vitamin D levels. Older people may also be deficient, because your skin gets less efficient at converting sunlight to vitamin D as you age. If you stay out of the sun because of sensitive skin or the risk of skin cancer, you may also need extra D. Talk to your GP. A simple blood test can show whether you are deficient in vitamin D.

Folic acid can help prevent: 

Folic acid can help prevent: 

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Folic acid helps prevent neural tube defects, which involve the brain and spinal cord and can cause devastating birth defects. Current NHS guidelines recommend all women planning a pregnancy take 400 mcg of folic acid each day and continue this for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Some women will be advised to take 5mg folic acid each day.

Which mineral can help you maintain healthy blood pressure?

Which mineral can help you maintain healthy blood pressure?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

This mineral helps keep your heart beating regularly. The British Medical Journal says taking potassium supplements might help lower blood pressure, but only by a small amount and further research is needed.

Reducing blood pressure lowers the risk of stroke, heart disease, heart failure and kidney disease.

3500mg is the UK reference nutrient intake (RNI) for adults. Many foods contain potassium, so a deficiency is rarely caused by an inadequate diet. Potassium-rich foods include many fruits and vegetables, milk, meat and whole grains.

Your Score:   You correctly answered   out of   questions.
Your Score:   You correctly answered   out of   questions.

Great work! You’re rich in vitamins.

Not bad, but you could do better. Read more on vitamins and take the quiz again.

Not so good. Read more about vitamins and take the quiz again.

Popular slideshows & tools on BootsWebMD

woman looking at pregnancy test
Early pregnancy symptoms
donut on plate
The truth about sugar addiction
smiling african american woman
Best kept secrets for beautiful hair
couple watching sunset
How much do you know?
nappy being changed
How to change your baby's nappy
woman using moisturizer
Causes and home solutions
assorted spices
Pump up the flavour with spices
bag of crisps
Food cravings that wreck your diet
woman with cucumbers on eyes
How to banish dark circles and bags
probiotic shakes
Help digestion
polka dot dress on hangar
Lose weight without dieting