Raynaud's phenomenon – often shortened simply to Raynaud's – is a disorder of the small blood vessels in the extremities, which are over-sensitive to temperature changes and leave the patient with extreme coldness or heat in their fingers and toes (and sometimes ears and nose).
When it comes to the heart’s health, there are some things you can’t control - like getting older, or having a parent with heart disease. However, there are many more things you can do to lower the chances of sabotaging your ticker.
The mitral valve, or bicuspid valve, separates chambers of the heart and helps control the flow of blood through the heart. With mitral valve prolapse, one or both of the mitral valve leaflets (flaps) don't close properly.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscles. It can affect the size and shape of the heart, causing an enlarged heart, as well as affect the electrical signals that usually make the heart beat in a regular rhythm.
Smoking is well known as being a major cause of lung cancer, but it is also responsible for heart disease. Around one in five premature deaths from heart disease and circulatory disease are directly related to smoking.
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