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Heart attack quiz

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Someone has a heart attack in the UK approximately every:

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Someone has a heart attack in the UK approximately every:

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Coronary heart disease is the number one killer in Britain. It accounts for 38% of deaths among men, and 37% of deaths among women, before the age of 75. Heart attacks are the most common consequences of coronary heart disease when the coronary arteries become blocked. According to Heart UK, someone has a heart attack every 7 minutes in the UK. About 1 in 3 heart attacks are fatal. One million men and almost 500,000 women are living with the consequences of having a heart attack.

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Everyone gets the same symptoms of a heart attack.

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Everyone gets the same symptoms of a heart attack.

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Symptoms vary from one person to another but most people experience some of these common symptoms:

  • Chest pain, squeezing or tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness or light headedness
  • Sweating, clamminess or chills
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting.

It’s important to understand that pain isn’t always severe and doesn’t always focus on the chest. It can be quite mild and radiate to the neck, arms, jaw or back.

A heart attack is the same thing as cardiac arrest.

A heart attack is the same thing as cardiac arrest.

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  • Correct Answer:

A heart attack happens when the blood supply to your heart is suddenly blocked – usually by a blood clot. This damages your heart muscle. Cardiac arrest happens when your heart stops pumping blood around your body. It can happen as a result of a heart attack, but it’s not the same thing. Someone experiencing cardiac arrest will lose consciousness and have trouble breathing. If you see this, call 999 and start CPR immediately.

The medical term for heart attack – myocardial infarction – means:

The medical term for heart attack – myocardial infarction – means:

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  • Correct Answer:

When one of the arteries that supplies blood to the heart (the coronary arteries) becomes blocked, the flow of fresh, oxygenated blood to part of the heart stops. This can happen when a piece of fatty build-up called atheroma breaks off and blocks the coronary artery. If the blood supply is cut off for too long, the starved heart tissue dies, causing a heart attack.

Faulty heart valves cause most heart attacks.

Faulty heart valves cause most heart attacks.

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Blood clots cause most heart attacks. Research shows that the sudden formation of a blood clot in an already narrowed vessel triggers nearly all heart attacks. Rarely, heart attacks can be caused by something called a spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), which is when one or more of the arteries in your heart tear.

If you’re having a heart attack the first thing to do is:

If you’re having a heart attack the first thing to do is:

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  • Correct Answer:

If you are experiencing heart attack symptoms, call 999 immediately. Then you can sit and rest while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. If you are carrying an aspirin tablet (300mg) take one, or ask someone to get you one – so long as you’re not allergic to aspirin, and so long as they don’t have to spend a lot of time looking for it as they should remain with you. Getting up and looking for pills puts too much strain on your heart.

Women don’t have to worry as much about having heart attacks.

Women don’t have to worry as much about having heart attacks.

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The general perception is that women are less likely to have a heart attack, and it’s true that heart disease is the leading cause of death in men over 50. However, other factors mean women are also at risk, because:

  • They’re less likely to suspect a heart attack
  • Heart attack symptoms can affect women differently
  • Women may have a higher pain threshold
  • Women tend to wait longer to seek help
  • Women are affected by heart disease later in life.

Women should be aware that they are at risk and symptoms may include nausea, jaw pain, pain in the back or pain between the shoulder blades.

Which of these can increase your risk of a heart attack?

Which of these can increase your risk of a heart attack?

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  • Correct Answer:

Smokers have more than twice the risk of having a heart attack than non-smokers. They’re also more likely to die.

 

Regularly drinking too much alcohol is linked with high blood pressure that over time, puts strain on your heart and increases your chance of a heart attack.

 

Being overweight or obese also puts undue strain on your heart and increases your risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and ultimately, heart disease.

People who have a heart attack need to take it easy for a long time afterwards

People who have a heart attack need to take it easy for a long time afterwards

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People recovering from heart attacks are encouraged to get up and move about as soon as possible and start a cardiac rehabilitation programme. That usually involves:

  • Exercise
  • Diet advice
  • General health and lifestyle information
  • Stress management
  • Sex advice.

Always follow your doctor's advice on types of exercise and how much you can do.

When you have sex after a heart attack you are more likely to have another heart attack:

When you have sex after a heart attack you are more likely to have another heart attack:

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  • Correct Answer:

Check with your doctor, but it’s usually fine to start having sex again within about 4 to 6 weeks after a heart attack. Normal sexual activity will not put you at further risk of another attack. One in 3 men who have a heart attack do experience some erectile dysfunction, but that’s usually the result of anxiety or a side effect of heart medicines like beta-blockers. Problems are usually treatable with medication that improves the blood flow to the penis.

Complementary therapy is better than traditional methods for treating heart attacks.

Complementary therapy is better than traditional methods for treating heart attacks.

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A heart attack needs to be immediately addressed with conventional medical and surgical therapy. Complementary therapy, or alternative medicine, may be valuable in prevention and recovery, but does not replace conventional methods for treating a heart attack.

Which of these is a complication of a heart attack?

Which of these is a complication of a heart attack?

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A heart attack can cause life-threatening complications that include:

  • Arrhythmia - abnormal, fast heartbeat that triggers cardiac arrest
  • Heart rupture – muscles, valves or heart walls tear apart
  • Cardiogenic shock – muscles sustain severe irreparable damage.

These are all leading causes of death that can happen quickly after a heart attack.

Which of these can make the difference between life and death after a heart attack?

Which of these can make the difference between life and death after a heart attack?

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About one third of people who have heart attacks die as a result. Some die before they reach hospital, or within 28 days of the attack.

 

The older you are, the more likely you are to have life-threatening complications. The longer it takes to get treatment also affects your chances of survival, as well as how much damage your heart suffers during the heart attack.

 

If you live beyond 28 days, your chance of surviving and living for many years rises significantly.

Which of these steps can reduce your risk of a heart attack?

Which of these steps can reduce your risk of a heart attack?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

There are 5 key lifestyle steps to help prevent a heart attack. They are:

  • Stop smoking
  • Lose weight if you’re overweight
  • Get regular exercise
  • Eat a low fat, high fibre diet with plenty of fruit and veg
  • Limit alcohol.

See your GP if you have any concerns about your heart health and get regular checks on your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

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