Boots WebMD Partners in Health
Return To Boots

Hypertension/high blood pressure health centre

Select a topic to explore more.
Select An Article

High blood pressure and kidney disease

High blood pressure is a major cause of kidney disease and kidney failure.

The extra pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys, stopping them from working properly.

What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

The signs of kidney disease include:

  • High blood pressure.
  • A decrease in the amount of urine produced or difficulty urinating.
  • Oedema (fluid retention), especially in the lower legs.
  • A need to urinate more often, especially at night.

How is kidney disease diagnosed?

As with high blood pressure, you may not realise you have kidney disease. Certain laboratory tests can indicate whether your kidneys are eliminating waste products properly. These tests include serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as elevated levels of serum creatinine and reduced GFR rates can indicate kidney damage. Proteinuria, an excess of protein in the urine, is also a sign of kidney disease.

Who is at risk of kidney disease due to high blood pressure?

Kidney disease caused by high blood pressure affects every group and race. However certain groups are at a higher risk, including:

  • People who have diabetes.
  • People with a family history of high blood pressure and kidney disease.
  • People who are black of African or Caribbean descent.
  • People who are of South Asian origin.

How can I prevent and treat kidney disease?

To prevent, and treat, kidney disease from high blood pressure:

  • Try to keep your blood pressure under control.
  • Make sure you get your blood pressure checked on a regular basis.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Take the medication your doctor recommends.
Next Article:

WebMD Medical Reference

Medically Reviewed by Dr Rob Hicks on August 05, 2016

Heart disease newsletter

The latest heart-health news and information, delivered to your inbox.
Sign Up

Popular slideshows & tools on BootsWebMD

woman_holding_head_in_pain
How to help headache pain
smiling baby
Causes and remedies
man holding sore neck
16 tips when you have a lot of weight to lose
mother and child
Caring for a baby with cows' milk allergy
woman looking at pregnancy test
Is your body ready for pregnancy?
man holding sore neck
8 signs you're headed for menopause
couple makigh salad
Nutrition for over 50s
bain illustration
Best foods for your brain
rash on skin
Top eczema triggers to avoid
rubber duckie
Hidden allergy hotspots in homes
egg in cup
Surprising things that can harm your liver