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Menopause health centre

Menopause overview

The average age for a woman reaching menopause is 51. Menopause symptoms may include hot flushes, night sweats, sleep difficulties, vaginal dryness and irritability. The decision to treat menopause-related symptoms depends on the severity of symptoms and a woman's personal attitudes about this stage of life. Many women go through menopause with little discomfort; however, treatments are available to help relieve menopause-related symptoms.

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Menopause: 'Bosses should help women at work'

Women should be made to feel comfortable talking about the menopause in the workplace to help ease their symptoms and reduce sick leave, says Professor Dame Sally Davies, the government's chief medical officer.

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Menopause basics

What is the menopause?

Menopause, or the change of life, is when a woman stops having periods, usually around the age of 51.



From her 40s, a woman gradually produces less oestrogen, during a transition period called perimenopause.



Women who go through menopause before they are 40 experience what's called premature menopause.



Menopause symptoms include hot flushes, night sweats, mood swings and vaginal dryness.



Seek medical advice if you have concerns about menopause, or its symptoms.



Lifestyle and diet changes may be recommended, or medication for specific problems, such as vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, may be recommended for some women.



There is not a definitive medical test for menopause, although a follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, blood test may help with diagnosing menopause.

What long-term health problems are associated with menopause?

The loss of oestrogen associated with menopause has been linked to a number of health problems that become more common as women age.

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