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Menopause health centre

Menopause overview

In the UK, the average age for a woman reaching menopause is 52, according to the NHS. Menopause symptoms may include irregular periods or hot flushes. Other signs of menopause include night sweats, sleep difficulties, vaginal dryness and irritability. The decision to treat menopause-related symptoms depends on the severity of symptoms and a woman's personal attitudes about this stage of life. Many women go through menopause with little discomfort; however, treatments are available to help relieve menopause-related symptoms.

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Antidepressant treatment an option for hot flushes

A low-dose antidepressant could be a non-hormonal treatment option for women who get hot flushes and night sweats during the menopause.

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Menopause basics

What is the menopause?

Menopause, or the change of life, is when a woman stops having periods, usually around the age of 51.



From her 40s, a woman gradually produces less oestrogen, during a transition period called perimenopause.



Women who go through menopause before they are 40 experience what's called premature menopause.



Menopause symptoms include hot flushes, night sweats, mood swings and vaginal dryness.



Seek medical advice if you have concerns about menopause, or its symptoms.



Lifestyle and diet changes may be recommended, or medication for specific problems, such as vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, may be recommended for some women.



There is not a definitive medical test for menopause, although a follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, blood test may help with diagnosing menopause.

What long-term health problems are associated with menopause?

The loss of oestrogen associated with menopause has been linked to a number of health problems that become more common as women age.

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