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Menopause health centre

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Menopause basics

What is the menopause?

Menopause, or the change of life, is when a woman stops having periods, usually around the age of 51.

From her 40s, a woman gradually produces less oestrogen, during a transition period called perimenopause.

Women who go through menopause before they are 40 experience what's called premature menopause.

Menopause symptoms include hot flushes, night sweats, mood swings and vaginal dryness.

Seek medical advice if you have concerns about menopause, or its symptoms.

Lifestyle and diet changes may be recommended, or medication for specific problems, such as vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, may be recommended for some women.

There is not a definitive medical test for menopause, although a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) blood test may help with diagnosing menopause.

What long-term health problems are associated with menopause?

The loss of oestrogen associated with menopause has been linked to a number of health problems that become more common as women age.

After menopause, women are more likely to develop:

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WebMD Medical Reference

Medically Reviewed by Dr Rob Hicks on April 26, 2016

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