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Mouth ulcers references

BMJ Group Medical Reference


  1. Porter SR, Scully C, Pedersen A. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine. 1998; 9: 306-321.
  2. McBride DR. Management of aphthous ulcers. American Family Physician. 2000; 62: 149-154.
  3. Porter S, Scully C. Aphthous ulcers (recurrent): about this condition. June 2007. Clinical Evidence. (Based on August 2006 search.) Available at (accessed on 20 June 2012).
  4. Scully C, Porter S. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: current concepts of aetiology, pathogenesis and management. Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine. 1989; 18: 21-27.
  5. University of Texas at Austin, School of Nursing. Recommendations for the diagnosis and management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. May 2003. Available at (accessed on 20 June 2012).
  6. Addy M, Carpenter R, Roberts WR. Management of recurrent aphthous ulceration: a trial of chlorhexidine gluconate gel. British Dental Journal. 1976; 141: 118-120.
  7. Addy M. Hibitane in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulceration. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 1977; 4: 108-116.
  8. Hunter L, Addy M. Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in the management of minor aphthous stomatitis. British Dental Journal. 1987; 162: 106-110.
  9. Chadwick B, Addy M, Walker DM. Hexetidine mouthrinse in the management of minor aphthous ulceration and as an adjunct to oral hygiene. British Dental Journal. 1991; 171: 83-86.
  10. Meiller TF, Kutcher MJ, Overholser CD, et al. Effect of an antimicrobial mouthrinse on recurrent aphthous ulcerations. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology. 1991; 72: 425-429.
  11. Cooke BE, Armitage P. Recurrent Mikulicz's aphthae treatment with topical hydrocortisone hemisuccinate sodium. BMJ. 1960; 1: 764-766.
  12. McFall WT Jr. Effect of flurandrenolone on oralaphthae. Journal of Periodontology. 1968; 39: 364-365.
  13. Browne RM, Fox EC, Anderson RJ. Topical triamcinolone acetonide in recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Lancet. 1968; 1: 565-567.
  14. MacPhee IT, Sircus W, Farmer ED, et al. Use of steroids in treatment of aphthous ulceration. BMJ. 1968; 2: 147-149.
  15. Merchant HW, Gangarosa LP, Glassman AB, et al. Betamethasone-17-benzoate in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcers. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology. 1978; 45: 870-875.
  16. Pimlott SJ, Walker DM. A controlled clinical trial of the efficacy of topically applied fluocinonide in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulceration. British Dental Journal. 1983; 154: 174-177.
  17. Thompson AC, Nolan A, Lamey PJ. Minor aphthous oral ulceration: a double-blind cross-over study of beclomethasone diproprionate aerosol spray. Scottish Medical Journal. 1989; 34: 531-532.
  18. Miles DA, Bricker SL, Razmus TF, et al. Triamcinolone acetonide versus chlorhexidine for treatment of recurrent stomatitis. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology. 1993; 75: 397-402.
  19. Lehner T, Lyne C. Adrenal function during topical oral corticosteroid treatment. BMJ. 1969; 4: 138-141.
  20. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. New advice on oral salicylate gels in under 16s. April 2009. Available at (accessed on 20 June 2012).
  21. Matthews RW, Scully CM, Levers BG, et al. Clinical evaluation of benzydamine, chlorhexidine, and placebo mouthwashes in the management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology. 1987; 63: 189-191.


Last Updated: June 22, 2012
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