Understanding prostate cancer - the basics
What is prostate cancer?
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that produces the majority of fluid that makes up semen, the thick fluid that carries sperm. The walnut-sized gland is located beneath a man's bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. Prostate function is regulated by testosterone, a male sex hormone produced mainly in the testicles.
Prostate cancer is a major health concern for men in the UK. Although the disease is rare before age 50, experts believe that most elderly men have at least traces of it.