Prostate cancer - Survival rates for prostate cancer
BMJ Group Medical Reference
Here we talk about the average survival rates for men with different types of prostate cancer. As you read this information, remember that we can't say exactly what will happen to you. We can only give you an idea about what happens to the average person.
If your cancer has not spread beyond your prostate
This is known as clinically localised cancer. Doctors classify it as T1 or T2 in the TNM system.
Almost all men whose cancer has not spread beyond their prostate will be alive five years after diagnosis.
If your cancer has spread into tissues or organs next to your prostate
This is called locally advanced cancer, and doctors classify it as T3 or T4 in the TNM system.
One study found that about 6 in 10 men (60 percent) whose cancer has spread into tissues or organs near the prostate will live for at least five years.However, this study was done several years ago. With advances in treatment, more men may be surviving today.
You have about a 30 percent chance that your disease will have spread to other organs and bones (called metastatic disease) 10 years after your diagnosis.
Men whose cancer has spread may develop symptoms such as blood in their urine (called haematuria), problems passing urine and swollen lower legs.
If your cancer has spread to your bones and other distant parts of your body
This is called metastatic disease.
About one-third of men whose cancer has spread to other places in their body will live for five years or more.
Cancer that has spread to your bones can be very painful. Men with metastatic disease may also develop anaemia, which means they have too few red blood cells. This causes extreme tiredness. Advanced cancer may also lead to loss of appetite.
red blood cells
Red blood cells are the part of your blood that makes it red. Their main job is to carry oxygen from your heart and lungs to the tissues of your body. Once these cells unload oxygen, they pick up carbon dioxide. They take carbon dioxide back to your lungs so it can be breathed out of your body.
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