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Cystitis in women - What are the symptoms of cystitis?

BMJ Group Medical Reference

If you've got cystitis, you probably have a burning pain when you pass urine. You might also need to pass urine often and without warning.

Your urine might be a cloudy colour and smell bad. It might contain blood. You might also have pain in your lower abdomen and discomfort during sex.

Your symptoms should clear up without any treatment within about three days. But if they are very bad or they get worse, you should see your doctor.

Your doctor or nurse can do a simple test on a sample of your urine to check whether you have cystitis. The test will show if you have signs of an infection. Your urine will need further testing if your doctor wants to know what sort of bacteria is causing your infection. This can help your doctor decide what antibiotic you might need.

An infection in your bladder can spread to your kidneys. This is a more serious infection and needs to be treated urgently. If you have any of the following symptoms, see your doctor straight away:[5]

  • High temperature

  • Pain in your side

  • Nausea and vomiting.



These medicines are used to help your immune system fight infection. There are a number of different types of antibiotics that work in different ways to get rid of bacteria, parasites, and other infectious agents. Antibiotics do not work against viruses.


Your bladder is the hollow organ at the top of your pelvis that stores urine. It is similar to a balloon, only with stronger walls. It fills up with urine until you go to the toilet.


Your kidneys are organs that filter your blood to make urine. You have two kidneys, on either side of your body. They are underneath your ribcage, near your back.

For more terms related to Cystitis in women


For references related to Cystitis in women click here.
Last Updated: March 13, 2013
This information does not replace medical advice.  If you are concerned you might have a medical problem please ask your Boots pharmacy team in your local Boots store, or see your doctor.
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