Imaging tests using X-rays, magnetic fields or ultrasound waves may be arranged to help diagnose bowel cancer.
If you are looking for more information about bowel cancer, care and treatment, we can help. You don't have to do it alone. Use these resources to get more help, support, and advice on living with bowel cancer.
What to expect before, during, and after bowel cancer surgery.
Biological treatments, or targeted therapies, are a newer way of treating bowel cancer that may be recommended in some cases.
Learn about the NHS screening, diagnosis and tests for bowel cancer.
Some bowel cancer risk factors can't be changed, but opting for healthier habits may help reduce the risk of getting bowel cancer.
The bowels are part of a person's intestines and are responsible for the body's waste disposal system after eating food.
Proctoscopy is an examination of the lower part of the rectum and anal canal with a special 7-10 cm tubular instrument called a proctoscope that's inserted through the anus.
As part of a diagnosis of bowel cancer, specialists will assess how advanced the cancer is and how far it has spread. This process is called staging. A further assessment is made of how aggressive the cancer is, and how likely it is to spread. This is called grading.
Radiotherapy, using beams of high-energy X-rays to target cancer cells, may be recommended in some cases for bowel cancer.
Ileocolic resection and right hemicolectomy are surgical procedures that may be carried out for conditions such as bowel cancer or Crohn's disease.
Hartmann's procedure, also sometimes called a proctosigmoidectomy, is an operation to remove part of the sigmoid colon and/or the rectum.
A total colectomy is an operation to remove the colon but not the rectum.
Depending on how far bowel cancer has spread, an operation to remove the anus, rectum and part of the large bowel may be recommended. This procedure may be carried out using keyhole surgery and is called a laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection.
After treatment for bowel cancer, follow-up care will be arranged to check that the cancer is not returning.
After a bowel cancer diagnosis, it can be difficult to remember everything you want to ask during an appointment with a specialist.
A person's bowel cancer diagnosis also has an impact on their family and friends. Here are some tips for family and friends.
Lacking energy and fatigue is a common side-effect of bowel cancer, whether from the cancer itself, or as a result of treatments for the cancer.
he NHS offers bowel cancer screening to all older adults, and says these checks help to reduce bowel cancer deaths by detecting cancer earlier.
Chemotherapy medicine may be recommended to help kill bowel cancer cells.
In many cases, treatment for bowel cancer will be successful, but the cancer can come back or recur.
During a digital rectal examination, or DRE, a doctor or nurse inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for any problems or abnormalities.
Ileostomy and colostomy are procedures that may be recommended after bowel surgery, for example for inflammatory bowel disease or for bowel cancer.
A colonoscopy uses a long flexible camera tube to examine the lining of the bowel wall, from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way up through the colon to the lower end of the small intestine.
In its early stage, bowel cancer - also known as colorectal cancer - usually produces no symptoms. Learn about some warning signs.
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