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Newborn & baby health centre

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Baby health

Find out more about illnesses, symptoms & general health, crying, colic and skin care.

First aid

Vital signs include temperature, heart or pulse rate, respiratory rate and blood pressure.

Knowing when to call 999, seek medical advice or go to A&E can help you cope quickly and efficiently stay calm under pressure.

Choking can be a medical emergency.

What's the underlying problem when baby's skin is blue?

It’s important to learn how to take your baby’s temperature.

Common illesses

Babies are likely to come down with colds during their first year, and colds often lead to ear infections.

Dehydration means not enough fluid in a child's body.

Fever is probably the most common reason for a child to be taken to the doctor.

It can be a challenge to recognise the symptoms of pain in children.

Roseola is a viral illness that usually affects children between the ages of six months and two years.

Baby vaccines

Vaccination is the best way we have to prevent the spread of many infectious diseases.

Newborns are offered a new vaccination to protect them against rotavirus - a highly contagious, common cause of gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in babies and children.

Baby's skin

Tips for baby skin care. Learn more.

A newborn's skin is prone to rashes of all sorts, but luckily most of these rashes are harmless and go away on their own.

Many newborn babies develop jaundice, a condition in which the skin and whites of the eyes are yellowish in colour, within a few days after birth.

Cradle cap, or seborrhoeic dermatitis, is a rash that begins as scaling and redness on a baby's scalp.

Some babies get pimples, spots or pustules on their cheeks and nose, which can be a concern for parents.

Find out more about newborn eczema.

Baby teeth

Some teeth grow without causing the baby any discomfort at all. In other cases, parents may notice symptoms of teething.

It's never too early to start a good dental hygiene routine.

Baby bottle tooth decay occurs when sweetened liquids or those with natural sugars cling to an infant's teeth for long periods of time.

Special concerns

A baby may be a low birth weight at full term, or if born prematurely.

Down’s syndrome is one of the most common genetic disorders.

Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a group of birth defects that result from a woman's use of alcohol during her pregnancy.

Find out more about this rare congenital heart problem in some babies.

Spina bifida develops before a child is born, in the first month of pregnancy when the baby is still an embryo, and leads to an abnormality in the spine.

Club foot describes a deformity some babies are born with causing the foot to point inwards and downwards.

A type of rare metabolic disorder, phenylketonuria (PKU) prevents the body being able to break down protein, and this can lead to brain damage.

Treacher Collins syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the development of the bones and other tissues of the face.

Tongue-tie is a minor birth defect in which the piece of skin called the lingual frenulum that connects the tongue to the bottom of the mouth is unusually short and tight.

Edwards' syndrome is a serious but rare genetic condition.

Gastroschisis is a rare birth defect where the abdominal wall does not form completely leaving a hole of around 2.5 – 5 cm (1 to 2 inches).

Williams syndrome is a rare, randomly occurring, genetic disorder.

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