Diagnosis & tests
Learn how diabetes is diagnosed and what tests doctors and patients use for diabetes.
Diabetes and prediabetes are diagnosed with a fasting plasma glucose test, oral glucose tolerance test, or random plasma glucose test.
Diabetes tests & screening
A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Glucose comes from carbohydrate foods. It is the main source of energy used by the body.
The HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin test shows how well your diabetes is being controlled.
Simple tests that check your urine can help you and your doctor watch for kidney disease and severe high blood sugar
Once diagnosed with diabetes, you should have regular check-ups, including an annual diabetes check.