Mental health specialists
A number of different types of doctors, specialists and therapists may be involved in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health conditions.
In some cases a GP will refer a patient to a mental health specialist for assessment and treatment.
- Cognitive behavioural therapist (CBT): The therapist helps to change people's attitudes and their behaviour through focusing on our thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes and how these relate to the way we behave as a way of dealing with emotional problems. CBT is available on the NHS in some areas.
- Psychologists: Psychologists are experienced in counselling for psychological and emotional issues. Specialist areas include relationships counselling, relaxation therapy, stress management and sex therapy.
- Psychotherapists and psychoanalysts: Psychoanalysts are similar to psychologists and help with emotional issues. Therapy involves helping the person to understand their problems better, and how they can change future thinking or behaviour.
- Psychiatrists: These doctors specialise in the treatment of mental, emotional or behavioural issues. Psychiatrist are also able to prescribe medications to help with mental health conditions.