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Skin problems health centre

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Symptoms & types

Is your skin itching, breaking out, or acting weird? Not sure what’s causing those problems? Get an overview of symptoms and types of skin conditions.

Everyday skin problems

Sun protection is the best way to avoid sunburn, even on cloudy days. Uncover the facts about covering up.

Although its name may make it sound like a medical condition, cellulite is nothing more than normal fat beneath the skin.

Blisters come in all sizes. Some are painful, red, or itchy; others aren’t. Get a quick overview of blister symptoms.

Get answers here.

Pruritis, or itchy skin, can have many causes. Learn more.

Itchy skin can be caused by dry skin.

Learn more about the causes of bruises, and how to prevent them.

Nail infections are one of the most common skin problems. Find out more about causes, treatment and prevention of nail infections.

Several different conditions can affect the scalp. Learn more about the most common scalp problems, and the best ways to deal with them.

Get answers from Dr Sheena Meredith.

Sweat can be embarrassing, especially if you don't know why it's happening. Find out eight common causes.

Teenage acne is caused by excess oil production and hormonal shifts. Find out more.

Acne isn’t just a problem for teenagers.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common skin disorder that causes greasy, yellow or red scaling on hairy areas of the body.

Swollen lips can be the sign of an emergency. Read more about this symptom.

What can cause an itchy bottom?

Reddening of the face can have a number of causes.

There are many causes for peeling skin. Learn more here.

Skin cysts, lumps and bumps

Skin isn’t always smooth as silk. It can have lumps and bumps. Find out what causes those little hills and valleys.

Read more about epidermoid and pilar cysts.

What are abcesses? Read more about symptoms, causes and treatments for abcesses.

Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatments for boils.

Get answers from Dr Rob Hicks.

Erythema nodosum is a type of skin inflammation that is located in a certain portion of the fatty layer of skin. Learn more about the symptoms, causes and tests for erythema nodosum.

The pilonidal sinus is a depression in the skin or small pit that occurs at the bottom of the tailbone (coccyx) and can become infected and filled with pus. Read more about pilonidal cysts.

Only superficial dermoid cysts are detectable near the surface of the skin. Read more about this kind of cyst that is present at birth.

Anal skin tags, or rectal skin tags, are common and usually harmless growths that hang off the skin around the outside of the anus.

Painful, itchy bumps on your fingers and toes during cold weather might be chilblains. Find out more.

Though thrombophlebitis is a circulatory problem, the bulging veins can sometimes be a skin problem as well. Find out the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for thrombophlebitis.

Morgellons is a term that has been used to describe unexplained symptoms affecting the skin.

Common causes & how to reduce their appearance.

Lipomas are usually pea-sized harmless soft lumps of fat that can form under the skin.


Skin rashes have many possible causes. Get the facts on four leading types of skin rashes.

Read more about heat rash, what causes it and how to treat it.

Find out more about the different categories of dermatitis, symptoms and treatment.

Perioral dermatitis is a facial rash in the area around the mouth. It’s mainly seen in young women but can also affect men. What are its causes and treatments? Find out.

Contact dermatitis is a localised rash or irritation of the skin caused by contact with a substance. Read more.

A distinctive rash is one of the main symptoms of HSP. Find out when to seek medical advice.

Read more about granuloma annulare.

Learn more about lichen planus symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Pityriasis rosea is a fairly common skin condition, see a picture and learn how to manage it.

Folliculitis is a skin condition caused by inflamed or infected hair follicles.

Most rashes are not dangerous; however, some rashes can be a sign of a serious condition, which in some cases may be life-threatening.

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a rare, very itchy, skin rash linked to the digestive disorder coeliac disease.

Bacterial skin infections

Cellulitis is a type of skin infection. It may be accompanied by fever, chills, sweating, and swollen lymph glands. Learn about it.

Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection. Read more about symptoms, causes and treatments of impetigo.

MRSA is a bacterium that is harder to treat than most strains of staph infection because it's resistant to some commonly used antibiotics. Read more.

Necrotising fasciitis, sometimes known as NF, is a rare but serious, bacterial infection.

Learn more about staph infections.

A leg ulcer is an open sore that develops when the skin is broken and air or bacteria gets into the underlying tissues.

Rarely seen in the UK, leprosy is a bacterial skin infection that still exists worldwide. Learn more about its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Chronic skin problems

Eczema is a family of skin conditions, the most common of which is atopic dermatitis. It can happen at any age, even in infancy, and often affects the face, hands, knees, or feet. Read more.

Scleroderma is an autoimmune disorder where the skin gradually tightens and thickens or hardens, and loses its ability to stretch. Read more.

Find out more about the symptoms, types and treatments of psoriasis.

Guttate psoriasis is one particular kind of psoriasis. Read more here.

Find out more about pustular psoriasis.

Here are 5 facts about psoriasis to help give you a better understanding of the condition – and to dispel the myths.

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare inherited conditions making skin very fragile that are characterised by blisters forming after friction or trauma.

Hidradenitis suppurativa, HS or acne inversa is a painful skin disease causing abscesses and scarring of the skin.

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare skin condition that can begin suddenly causing a pimple, bump, or blood blister that then develops into a painful ulcer.

Lichen sclerosus is a relatively rare, chronic skin condition with no known cure.

Harlequin ichthyosis is a severe, inherited skin disorder, which affects the way skin regenerates.

Some people get an allergic skin reaction to the herpes simplex virus called erythema multiforme minor. There is a more severe form of the condition called erythema multiforme major.

How much is too much?  Learn more about excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).

Prurigo describes a group of skin conditions causing itchy spots or bumps and discomfort.

Fungal skin infections

Athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections are examples of fungal infections. Find out how these infections start and how they’re treated.

Candidiasis is a systemic version of yeast infection, commonly known as thrush. Learn more.

Pityriasis versicolor is also sometimes called tinea versicolor.  It is a fungal infection of the skin. Read more.

Find out more about the fungal infection (tinea) known as ringworm.

A fungal nail infection occurs when a fungus attacks a fingernail, a toenail, or the nail bed.

Viral skin infections

The varicella-zoster virus is responsible for causing both chickenpox and shingles. Both are marked by an outbreak of rash or blisters on the skin. Read more.

Did you know that warts are caused by a virus? Do you know how to get rid of warts? Increase your wart wisdom.

Molluscum contagiosum are pearl-like bumps on the skin, caused by a virus. The condition can last for months or even years and, as its name suggests, is contagious. Learn about it here.

Pigmentation problems

Read more about birthmarks and how they are treated.

Learn more about the changes in skin color called acanthosis nigricans.

In vitiligo, white patches develop on the skin. Read about its causes and management.

In hyperpigmentation, skin darkens. In hypopigmentation, skin lightens. Why does it happen? Read this article to find out.

Bugs, bites and stings

Lice are small, greyish-brown insects that live on humans. Nits are their empty egg sacs.  Lice is a highly contagious skin condition that involves these parasites living on or in your skin.

Scabies is a severely itchy skin condition caused by a microscopic mite called Sarcoptes scabei. Find out more about this itchy skin problem.

Find out more about insect and spider bites, how to treat them and when to seek medical advice.

Get answers from Dr Rob Hicks.

How to spot a bedbug infestation, prevent bites and more.

With the increase in outdoor swimming has also come an increase in the number of people getting swimmer's itch.

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